Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/1186
Título: Biosystematics of the Genus Andryala L. (Asteraceae)
Autor: Ferreira, Maria Zita
Orientador: Sequeira, Miguel Pinto da Silva Menezes de
Álvarez Fernández, Inés
Fehrer, Judith
Palavras-chave: Ciências biológicas
Bacias hidrográficas
Mediterrâneo
Andryala
Asteraceae
Morfologia (Biologia)
Biogeografia
Filologia
Molecular
Colonização
Madeira (Portugal)
Ilhas Canárias
Taxonomia
Filogenética
Organismos biológicos
Ilhas
Atlântico Norte
Macaronésia
Andryala
Colonisation
Macaronesia
Mediterranean Basin
Molecular phylogeny
Taxonomy
Biological Sciences
.
Faculdade de Ciências da Vida
Data de Defesa: Jan-2016
Resumo: Andryala (Asteraceae: Cichorieae) is a little-known Mediterranean-Macaronesian genus whose taxonomy is much in need of revision. The aim of the present biosystematic study was to elucidate species relationships within this genus based on morphological and molecular data. In this study several taxa are recognised: 17 species, 14 subspecies, and 3 hybrids. Among these, 5 species are Macaronesian endemics (A. glandulosa, A. sparsiflora, A. crithmifolia Aiton, A. pinnatifida, and A. perezii), 4 species are Northwest African endemics (A. mogadorensis, A. maroccana, A. chevallieri, and A. nigricans) and one species is endemic to Romania (A. laevitomentosa). Historical background regarding taxonomic delimitation in the genus is addressed from Linnaean to present day concepts, as well as the origin of the name Andryala. The origin of Asteraceae and the systematic position of Andryala is shortly summarised. The morphological study was based on a bibliographic review and the revision of 1066 specimens of 13 herbaria as well as additional material collected during fieldwork. The variability of the morphological characters of the genus, including both vegetative taxonomic characters (root, stem, leaf and indumentum characters) and reproductive ones (inflorescence, floret, fruit and pappus characters), is assessed. Numerical analysis of the morphological data was performed using different similarity or dissimilarity measures and coefficients, as well as ordination and clustering methods. Results support the segregation of the recognised taxa and the congruence of the several analyses in the separation of the recognised taxa (using quantitative, binary or multi-state characters). The proposed taxonomy for Andryala includes a new infra-generic classification, new taxa and new combinations and ranks, typifications and diagnostic keys (one for the species and several for subspecies). For each taxon a list of synonyms, typification comments and a detailed description are provided, just as comments on taxonomy and nomenclature, and a brief discussion on karyology. Additionally, information on ecology and conservation status as well as on distribution and a list of studied material are also presented. Phylogenetic analyses based on different nuclear and chloroplast DNA markers, using Bayesian and maximum parsimony methods of inference, were performed. Results support three main lineages: separate ones for the relict species A. agardhii and A. laevitomentosa and a third including the majority of the Andryala species that underwent a relatively rapid and recent speciation. They also suggest a single colonization event of Madeira and the Canary Islands from the Mediterranean region, followed by insular speciation. Biogeography and speciation within the genus are briefly discussed, including a proposal for the centre of origin of the genus and possible dispersal routes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/1186
Designação: Doctorate in Biological Sciences
Aparece nas colecções:Teses de Doutoramento

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