Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/571
Título: Effect of the estufagem process on the chemical constituents of Madeira wines
Autor: Pereira, Vanda Nulita Gomes
Orientador: Marques, José Carlos Antunes
Cacho Palomar, Juan
Palavras-chave: Wine
Heating
Amino acids
Organic acids
Polyphenols
Volatiles
Química
.
Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Engenharia
Data de Defesa: 28-Mar-2014
Resumo: Madeira wine is a product of well-established reputation, whose aroma and flavour is the result of unique combinations. Particularly, its maturation may include estufagem, wherein wine is usually heated at 45 °C for three months. During this period, several chemical changes may occur, so it is essential to assess its impact on the wine. In this sense, the main objective of the thesis was to evaluate the effect estufagem on the chemical constituents of Madeira wine, specifically on those molecules potentially important in the development of its typical features. Firstly, analytical methodologies capable of determining the target compounds, combining precision and reproducibility to execution effectiveness, were developed. Then various monovarietal Madeira wines were analysed during estufagem under standard and overheating conditions in order to assess its effect. The following compounds were evaluated: furans, amino acids, biogenic amines, polyphenols, organic acids and volatile compounds. In addition, the total polyphenolic composition, the antioxidant potential and the colour of these wines were also evaluated. The results show that most constituents change due to the heating process. Particularly, the heating promotes the development of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in sweet wines submitted to estufagem at higher temperatures. Moreover, estufagem provides the decrease of most amino acids, suggesting their involvement in the formation of the bouquet of these wines. Regarding the total polyphenol content and antioxidant potential of these wines they do not seem to be greatly affected by the heating step, however most monomeric polyphenols decrease during this process. The thermal processing of Madeira wines favours the development of the volatile composition, especially of volatiles usually reported as typical aromas of Madeira wines. Finally, it was demonstrated that the thermal degradation of sugars, especially of fructose, promotes the emergence of volatile compounds identified in baked wines.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/571
Designação: Doutoramento em Química
Aparece nas colecções:Teses de Doutoramento

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