Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/2199
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degois.publication.firstPage1469pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage1474pt_PT
degois.publication.titleInternational Psychogeriatricspt_PT
dc.contributor.authorIhle, Andreas-
dc.contributor.authorGouveia, Élvio R.-
dc.contributor.authorGouveia, Bruna R.-
dc.contributor.authorFreitas, Duarte-
dc.contributor.authorJurema, Jefferson-
dc.contributor.authorOdim, Angeany P.-
dc.contributor.authorKliegel, Matthias-
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-13T10:02:04Z-
dc.date.available2018-12-13T10:02:04Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationIhle, A., Gouveia, É. R., Gouveia, B. R., Freitas, D. L., Jurema, J., Odim, A. P., & Kliegel, M. (2017). The relation of education, occupation, and cognitive activity to cognitive status in old age: the role of physical frailty. International psychogeriatrics, 29(9), 1469-1474.pt_PT
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/2199-
dc.description.abstractBackground: It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve may differ between physically frail compared to less frail individuals. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of key markers of cognitive reserve to cognitive status in old age and its interplay with physical frailty in a large sample of older adults. Methods: We assessed Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in 701 older adults. We measured grip strength as indicator of physical frailty and interviewed individuals on their education, past occupation, and cognitive leisure activity. Results: Greatergripstrength,longereducation,highercognitivelevelofjob,andgreaterengagingincognitive leisure activity were significantly related to higher MMSE scores. Moderation analyses showed that the relations of education, cognitive level of job, and cognitive leisure activity to MMSE scores were significantly larger in individuals with lower, compared to those with greater grip strength. Conclusions: Cognitive status in old age may more strongly depend on cognitive reserve accumulated during the life course in physically frail (compared to less frail) older adults. These findings may be explained by cross-domain compensation effects in vulnerable individuals.pt_PT
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.publisherCambridge University Presspt_PT
dc.rightsrestrictedAccesspt_PT
dc.subjectAgedpt_PT
dc.subjectBrazilpt_PT
dc.subjectFemalept_PT
dc.subjectFrail Elderlypt_PT
dc.subjectGeriatric Assessmentpt_PT
dc.subjectHumanspt_PT
dc.subjectIndependent Livingpt_PT
dc.subjectLeisure Activitiespt_PT
dc.subjectMalept_PT
dc.subjectMiddle Agedpt_PT
dc.subjectNeuropsychological Testspt_PT
dc.subjectCognitive Reservept_PT
dc.subjectEducational Statuspt_PT
dc.subjectHand Strengthpt_PT
dc.subjectOccupationspt_PT
dc.subject.pt_PT
dc.subjectFaculdade de Ciências Sociaispt_PT
dc.titleThe relation of education, occupation, and cognitive activity to cognitive status in old age: the role of physical frailtypt_PT
dc.typearticlept_PT
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
degois.publication.volume29(9)pt_PT
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1041610217000795pt_PT
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