Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/477
Título: Hudumia: a platform to support spontaneous volunteers' situational awareness, coordination and safety underemergency scenarios
Autor: Teixeira, Élton Cláudio Araújo
Orientador: Karapanos, Evangelos
Palavras-chave: Volunteering
Information management
Software design requirements
Disaster relief
Emergency response
Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Engenharia
Data de Defesa: 11-Out-2013
Resumo: Spontaneous volunteers always emerge under emergency scenarios and are vital to a successful community response, yet some uncertainty subsists around their role and its inherent acceptance by official entities under emergency scenarios. In our research we have identified that most of the spontaneous volunteers do have none or little support from official entities, hence they end up facing critical problems as situational awareness, safety instructions and guidance, motivation and group organization. We argue that official entities still play a crucial role and should change some of their behaviors regarding spontaneous volunteerism. We aim with this thesis to design a software architecture and a framework in order to implement a solution to support spontaneous volunteerism under emergency scenarios along with a set of guidelines for the design of open information management systems. Together with the collaboration from both citizens and emergency professionals we have been able to attain several important contributions, as the clear identification of the roles taken by both spontaneous volunteers and professionals, the importance of volunteerism in overall community response and the role which open collaborative information management systems have in the community volunteering efforts. These conclusions have directly supported the design guidelines of our software solution proposal. In what concerns to methodology, we first review literature on technologies support to emergencies and how spontaneous volunteers actually challenge these systems. Following, we have performed a field research where we have observed that the emerging of spontaneous volunteer’s efforts imposes new requirements for the design of such systems, which leaded to the creation of a cluster of design guidelines that supported our software solution proposal to address the volunteers’ requirements. Finally we have architected and developed an online open information management tool which has been evaluated via usability engineering methods, usability user tests and heuristic evaluations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/477
Designação: Master in Informatics Engineering
Aparece nas colecções:Dissertações de Mestrado

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