Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/98
Título: The combination of neural estimates in prediction and decision problems
Autor: Freitas, Paulo Sérgio Abreu
Palavras-chave: Time series forecasting
Neural networks
Model combination
Adaptive methods
Optimal decision-making
Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Engenharia
Data de Defesa: 2008
Editora: Universidade de Lisboa: Faculdade de Ciências
Resumo: In this dissertation, different ways of combining neural predictive models or neural-based forecasts are discussed. The proposed approaches consider mostly Gaussian radial basis function networks, which can be efficiently identified and estimated through recursive/adaptive methods. Two different ways of combining are explored to get a final estimate – model mixing and model synthesis –, with the aim of obtaining improvements both in terms of efficiency and effectiveness. In the context of model mixing, the usual framework for linearly combining estimates from different models is extended, to deal with the case where the forecast errors from those models are correlated. In the context of model synthesis, and to address the problems raised by heavily nonstationary time series, we propose hybrid dynamic models for more advanced time series forecasting, composed of a dynamic trend regressive model (or, even, a dynamic harmonic regressive model), and a Gaussian radial basis function network. Additionally, using the model mixing procedure, two approaches for decision-making from forecasting models are discussed and compared: either inferring decisions from combined predictive estimates, or combining prescriptive solutions derived from different forecasting models. Finally, the application of some of the models and methods proposed previously is illustrated with two case studies, based on time series from finance and from tourism.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/98
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