Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/954
Título: Characterization of volatile substances in apples from rosaceae family by headspace solid‐phase microextraction followed by GC‐qMS
Autor: Ferreira, Liseth
Perestrelo, Rosa Maria de Sá
Caldeira, Michael Manuel Lima
Câmara, José de Sousa
Palavras-chave: Apples
Malus domestica Borkh.
Solid-phase microextraction
Volatile profile
Faculdade de Ciências Exatas e da Engenharia
Data: Mar-2009
Editora: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Citação: Ferreira, L., Perestrelo, R., Caldeira, M., & Câmara, J. S. (2009). Characterization of volatile substances in apples from rosaceae family by headspace solid‐phase microextraction followed by GC‐qMS. Journal of separation science, 32(11), 1875-1888.
Resumo: The volatile composition of different apple varieties of Malus domestica Borkh. species from different geographic regions at Madeira Islands, namely Ponta do Pargo (PP), Porto Santo (PS), and Santo da Serra (SS) was established by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure followed by GC-MS (GC-qMS) analysis. Significant parameters affecting sorption process such as fiber coating, extraction temperature,extractiontime,sampleamount,dilutionfactor,ionicstrength,anddesorption time,wereoptimizedanddiscussed.TheSPMEfibercoatedwith50/30 lmdivinylbenzene/carboxen/PDMS (DVB/CAR/PDMS) afforded highest extraction efficiency of volatile compounds, providing the best sensitivity for the target volatiles, particularly whenthesampleswereextractedat508Cfor30 minwithconstantmagneticstirring. A qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis between the investigated apple species has been established. It was possible to identify about 100 of volatile compounds amongpulp(46,45,and39),peel(64,60,and64),andentirefruit(65,43,and50)inPP, PS,andSSapples,respectively.Ethylesters,terpenes,andhigheralcoholswerefound tobethemostrepresentativevolatiles. a-Farnesene,hexan-1-olandhexyl2-methylbutyratewerethecompoundsfoundinthevolatileprofileofstudiedappleswiththelargestGCarea,representing,onaverage,24.71,14.06,and10.80%ofthetotalvolatilefractionfromPP,PS,andSSapples.InPPentireapple,themostabundantcompoundsidentified were a-farnesene (30.49%), the unknown compound m/z (69, 101, 157) (21.82%) andhexylacetate(6.57%).RegardingPSentireapplethemajorcompoundswere a-farnesene(16.87%),estragole(15.43%),hexan-1-ol(10.94),andE-2-hexenal(10.67).a-Farnesene(30.3%),hexan-1-ol(18.90%),2-methylbutanoicacid(4.7%),andpentan-1-ol(4.6%) werealsofoundasSSentireapplevolatilespresentinahigherrelativecontent.Principal component analysis (PCA) of the results clustered the apples into three groups according to geographic origin. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was performed in order to detect the volatile compounds able to differentiate the three kinds of apples investigated. The most important contributions to the differentiation of the PP, PS, and SS apples were ethyl hexanoate, hexyl 2-methylbutyrate, E,E-2,4-heptadienal, pethylstyrene,andE-2-hexenal.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.13/954
DOI: 10.1002/jssc.200900024
Aparece nas colecções:Artigos em revistas internacionais

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